First chronicled by the famous western writer, Zane Grey, in his 1934 novel The Code of the West, no 'written' code ever actually existed. However, the hardy pioneers who lived in the west were bound by these unwritten rules that centered on hospitality, fair play, loyalty, and respect for the land.
Ramon Adams, a Western Historian, explained it best in his 1969 book, The Cowman and His Code of Ethics, saying in part:
"Back in the days when the cowman with his herds made a new frontier, there was no law on the range. Lack of written law made it necessary for him to frame some of his own, thus developing a rule of behavior which became known as the "Code of the West." These homespun laws, being merely a gentleman's agreement to certain rules of conduct for survival, were never written into statutes, but were respected everywhere on the range.
Though the cowman might break every law of the territory, state and federal government, he took pride in upholding his own unwritten code. His failure to abide by it did not bring formal punishment, but the man who broke it became, more or less, a social outcast. His friends 'hazed him into the cutbacks' and he was subject to the punishment of the very code he had broken.
~ Don't inquire into a person's past. Take the measure of a man for what he is today.
~ Never steal another man's horse. A horse thief pays with his life.
~ Look out for your own.
~ Remove your guns before sitting at the dining table
~ Don't make a threat without expecting dire consequences.
~Never pass anyone on the trail without saying "Howdy".
~ When approaching someone from behind, give a loud greeting before you get within shooting range.
~ Don't wave at a man on a horse as it might spook the horse. A nod is the proper greeting.
~ Riding another man's horse without his permission is nearly as bad as making love to his wife. Never even bother another man's horse.
~ A cowboy doesn't talk much; he saves his breath for breathing.
~ No matter how weary and hungry you are after a long day in the saddle, always tend to your horse's needs before your own. Feed your horse before YOU eat.
~Cuss all you want, but only around men, horses and cattle.
~ Complain about the cooking and you become the cook.
~ Do not practice ingratitude.
~ A cowboy is pleasant even when out of sorts. Complaining is what quitters do - and cowboys hate quitters.
~ Always be courageous. Cowards aren't tolerated in any outfit worth its salt.
~ A cowboy always helps someone in need - even a stranger or an enemy.
~ Never try on another man's hat.
~ Give your enemy a fighting chance.
~ Real cowboys are modest. A braggart who is 'all gurgle and no guts' is not tolerated.
~ A cowboy is loyal to his 'brand', to his friends, and those he rides with.
~ Live by the Golden Rule.
Special Thanks to Code of the West